Microsoft's use of programmable chips called field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) in its data centers. These programmable chips are faster and less power-hungry, helping Microsoft to stay competitive against its competitors in the cloud.
expects FPGAs to power all Microsoft online services in the future, and as of today the programmable chips are already helping Bing to improve its results thanks to artificial intelligence.
Additionally, one Microsoft employee told Wired that Office 365 will soon use FPGAs to deliver encryption, compression and machine learning to all of its users.
However, reprogramming the Silicon is not an easy task. Jim Larus, another Microsoft researcher who worked on early FPGAs prototypes explained: “That is just horrible, much worse than programming software. Much more difficult to write. Much more difficult to get correct.”