[投訴] Is Alcohol Really Bad For You?

本帖最後由 toylet 於 2015-9-9 23:25 編輯

Full article: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/ ... -really-bad-for-you

And then there's the really bad news. Whatever the effects that alcohol does or doesn't have on your heart disease risk, it can still hasten your death in a myriad of other colourful ways.

The World Health Organization reported last year that drinking can increase your risk of depression and anxiety, liver cirrhosis, pancreatitis, suicide, violence, and accidental injury.

Alcohol is also linked to cancer of the mouth, nose, larynx, oesophagus, colon, liver, and breast cancer in women. Between 4% and 30% of cancer deaths worldwide could be attributed to alcohol use (for breast cancer, the most common, the figure was 8%). Importantly, even moderate drinking confers some increased risk: just one glass a day increases the risk of breast cancer by 4%, while heavy drinking can increase the risk by 40-50%.

Heavy drinking weakens the immune system and is therefore linked with pneumonia and tuberculosis. It also encourages risky sexual behaviour which increases the chance of acquiring sexually transmitted infections such as HIV. And drinking during pregnancy can cause damage to the foetus, leading to Foetal Alcohol Syndrome.

In total, there are more than 200 diseases and injuries that can be linked to alcohol consumption, including 30 that are caused only by alcohol.

But the idea that moderate alcohol consumption might be beneficial has not entirely gone away, and even organisations dedicated to combating the problem of alcohol grudgingly say that small amounts of alcohol may have a protective effect against heart disease and some types of stroke.

Confused? You're not the only one. Perhaps the best summation of how alcohol affects our health comes from a critical analysis published in early 2013. Its author concluded that, while the evidence of alcohol's harmful effects was solid, there were plenty of reasons to take evidence of alcohol's health benefits with a grain of salt – but not, perhaps, a slice of lemon.

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